Recently in a Psychology Today’s Blog post “Homophobic Men Most Aroused by Gay Male Porn” discussed a 1996 study of homophobia by psychologists at the University of Georgia. Yes, the research is 15 years old, but in light of several recent anti-gay rants in the news, I couldn’t help but be intrigued by Nathan Heflick’s latest post at Psychology Today. Here is the abstract of the study:
The authors investigated the role of homosexual arousal in exclusively heterosexual men who admitted negative affect toward homosexual individuals. Participants consisted of a group of homophobic men and a group of nonhomophobic men; they were assigned to groups on the basis of their scores on the Index of Homophobia (W. W. Hudson & W. A. Ricketts, 1980). The men were exposed to sexually explicit erotic stimuli consisting of heterosexual, male homosexual, and lesbian videotapes, and changes in penile circumference were monitored. They also completed an Aggression Questionnaire (A. H. Buss & M. Perry, 1992). Both groups exhibited increases in penile circumference to the heterosexual and female homosexual videos. Only the homophobic men showed an increase in penile erection to male homosexual stimuli. The groups did not differ in aggression. Homophobia is apparently associated with homosexual arousal that the homophobic individual is either unaware of or denies.You can read the full study here (pdf file). Henry E. Adams, Lester W. Wright, Jr., and Bethany A. Lohr of the University of Georgia make an interesting argument. Even a man who thought that women want to have sex with their fathers and that women spend much of their lives distraught because they lack a penis is right sometimes. This person, the legend that is Sigmund Freud, theorized that people often have the most hateful and negative attitudes towards things they secretly crave, but feel that they shouldn't have. If Freud is right, then perhaps men who are the most opposed to male homosexuality have particularly strong homosexual urges for other men.
The facts of the study are this: When viewing lesbian sex and straight sex, both the homophobic and the non-homophobic men showed increased penis circumference. For gay male sex, however, only the homophobic men showed heightened penis arousal. Heterosexual men with the most anti-gay attitudes, when asked, reported not being sexually aroused by gay male sex videos. But, their penises reported otherwise. Homophobic men were the most sexually aroused by gay male sex acts.
How do you feel about this study?
If you would like to read more about this study, you can check out my suggested readings by clicking “Read More” below.
Resources and Further Reading:
- First of all, I want to thank Davey Wavey at Break the Illusion Blog for first pointing out this study to me. (http://www.breaktheillusion.com/gay/homophobia-is-gay-literally/)
- “Is homophobia associated with homosexual arousal?” PubMed.gov(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8772014) (https://my.psychologytoday.com/files/u47/Henry_et_al.pdf)
- “Homophobic Men Most Aroused by Gay Male Porn” Psychology Today Blog (http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-big-questions/201106/homophobic-men-most-aroused-gay-male-porn)
- “Homophobia Is Apparently Associated With Homosexual Arousal” By Sheril Kirshenbaum, Wired.com (http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/06/homophobia-is-apparently-associated-with-homosexual-arousal/)